Reducing Poverty Through Communication

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It has long been a major principle in developmental terms that social and economic transformation involves the free flow of information as well as ideas to spur economic and innovative thoughts and exchange among peoples in the State.

The free flow and access to information can also create an accountable and transparent society, thereby laying the groundwork for a less corrupt and prosperous society. In Sierra Leone the much-heralded poverty reduction strategy paper [PRSP] has still not got the blessings of the Paris Club.

Though various reasons have been advanced for the failure of the Sierra Leone government to win the approval of 1.7 billion US dollars to sponsor the PRSP – It is widely believe that the issue of corruption and lack of an information Act to ensure accountability may be among the raison d’etre for the refusal of the world’s richest club of donor Nations to sponsor this all important enterprise of reducing poverty in one of the world’s poorest countries.

At present however, a fresh book published by the International Department for International Development, (DFID) United Kingdom, has thrown very important light on the using of; strategic communication to fight poverty through PRS paper with the support of multitudes. In this work, undertaken by both the World Bank and department for international development DFID. Countries such as Ghana et al are singled out and used as a classical example on how communication can be used to fight poverty in third world countries.

Although just five years old the PRSP approach is now established as the country level framework for the attainment of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG’s), set by the United Nations. This World Bank communications experts believe can only be achieved through strategic communications. The authors start by referring to strategic communications as much more than merely informing citizens, rather they say it is the active seeking of the perspectives and contributions of citizens so that they can help to shape policy. They added that it is also a means of ensuring that mechanisms are in place for a two-way flow of information and ideas between the government and the citizenry as well as a Nation’s deliberate effort to build consensus amongst stakeholders about the development strategy the Nation wishes to pursue.

The experts also pointed out in the book that done properly, strategic communications can contribute to PRSP in the following ways: It creates open and inclusive national discourse on policy option, which leads to greater and increased participation in policy making by significant segment of the population. The result is increased support and commitment for the agreed strategy. Secondly, on the other hand it whips up expectation, giving the people a serious sense of what policy options can realistically deliver. It helps to promote transparency and accountability, by full airing and presentation of the facts, citizens can hold the government accountable. Fourthly, it also establishes and maintains momentum because of the engagement of multitudes. Fifthly, it creates or reopens a public culture of citizen …

Tamil Nadu – A Big Contender for Attracting Investment in India

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Tamil Nadu is an Indian state that lies in the southern part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by Pondicherry, Kerala, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh.  It’s the fifth largest contributor to India’s GDP and the most urbanized state in the country with the highest number of Business enterprises, pegged at 10.56%, compared to the overall population share of 6%.

With Chennai as its capital, Tamil Nadu is the seventh most populous state in India and has the fifth largest economy and the third highest Human Development Index out of 29 Indian states. The state’s economic growth was slowed by the Fiscal crisis that peaked in 1999/2000 forcing its government to implement wide ranging financial and structural reforms. The reform program impacted the economy with a good fiscal adjustment. The five policy notes from the government span fiscal reform and sustainability, improving investment environment, agricultural development, governance challenges and the state’s poverty profile.

The Tamil Nadu Industrial Investment Corporation (TIIC) has proposed to advance nearly Rs.13, 000 million for promotion of industries in the state in the fiscal year 2010/2011. Out of this, about Rs. 1000 million is earmarked for advancing loans for the existing industries and for starting new ventures.  The TIIC earned a profit of about Rs.400 million after a gap of several years for the year 2009/2010 fiscal calendar. The organization has been providing financial assistance at competitive interest rates for the setting up of new industrial units, expansion, modernization and the diversification of existing industries. The State plans to announce a new mining policy, in line with the national policy, this year.

The state’s GDP at 2007 stood at Rs. 2,750,000 million in current prices, a corresponding GDP growth rate of 12.1% for that period. The economy is split into: the services industry, contributing 45% of its economic activities; manufacturing, comprising 34%, and the agricultural sector taking 21%. However, the state’s government has been the major investor in the state with a total of 51% total investments followed by private investors at 29.9% and foreign investments at 14.9%. The city has about 110 industrial parks and efficient infrastructure that has been behind recent major economic successes. The Tamil Nadu Investors Association aims at educating small investors, protecting their interests and promoting investments and entrepreneurship in the state.

Major industrial successes in the state include multinationals and big Indian firms located in the region. They include BMW, Ford, Renault-Nissan, Caterpillar, Hyundai, Mitsubishi Motors, Ashok Leyland, Hindustan, TVS Motors, and Royal Enfield etc in the automobile industry while telecommunication giants include Nokia, Flextronics, Motorola, Sony-Ericsson, Foxconn, Samsung, Cisco, Dell and Moser Baer.…

What is Public Interest Litigation?

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Public interest Litigation gives people the authority to file litigation in public interest, in any court of law. Some of the examples of public interest issues could be terrorism, constructional hazards, pollution, and road safety. The issues which affect public at large can be resolved by filing PIL (Public Interest Litigation).

Public Interest Litigation has not been defined in any edict or act. The judges interpret it looking at the intent of public.

Law Universities in Rajasthan incorporates these types of matters in the curriculum. So, gear yourself up to study all these if you have enrolled in any such program.

Can I File Public Interest Litigation?
In normal cases, the victim/ aggrieved has to file his case in a court of law; he/ she have an interest in the dispute. However, filing Public Interest Litigation is different. Anybody can file a PIL, but only in public interest; it should not have any personal interest.

PIL can be introduced by the court itself also. There are times when the victim personally cannot file complaint due to lack of resources or freedom to visit a court, which is not essential for the court’s jurisdiction either. PIL authorizes common people to shield the interest of public. The court can also recognize and take an initiative regarding the case.

Inception of Public Interest Litigation (PIL)
The term “PIL” was used for the first time in the United States, in 1980s. There were several movements in the US during nineteenth century, which added to public interest law that came under the umbrella of legal aid movement.

The first legal aid office came into existence in 1876, in New York. The PIL movement received financial assistance from the from Economic Opportunity office, in 1960s; which fostered lawyers and other people to serve the under privileged, and to counter the exploitation suffered by the weaker sections, and to save the environment and public interest.  

History of PIL in India
It was in 1970s that the PIL showed initial signs and took 10 years to expand to the fullest. Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer and PM. Bhagwati, honourable Judges of the Supreme Court of India by delivering milestone judgments raised the possibilities of PIL.

Objectives of PIL
As per Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer, Public Interest Litigation is a legal process which allows one to voice out grievances in public interest. The objective is to help them obtain justice who cannot access courts on their own due to some or the other limitation.

If you are planning to step into any of the Law Courses in Rajasthan, then you must know these facts as they will be useful to crack entrance exams.…

Protect Yourself From Undue Suffering From An On The Job Injury

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Easily one of the most vital yet extremely dangerous occupations in the US is a construction worker. Regardless of the aptitude and abilities of the individual, every aspect of construction is very risky. However, it is paramount to have construction workers in America, because they are the ones that build our homes, shopping centers, hospitals and more. In addition, they also are responsible for taking down condemned and dangerous buildings, to clear the way for new construction. Due to the fact that construction workers have such a highly volatile job description, it is a common expectation and right under the law that their managerial staff will take every precaution necessary to ensure their safety and security while they are working on the job, no matter where they are or what tasks they are performing. However, if your company, a fellow employee or another subcontractor made a poor decision and caused you to suffer an injury, it is imperative that you contact a Chicago Construction Accident Attorney immediately. In conjunction with your rights under workers compensation laws, you may be entitled to additional financial compensation for your injuries.

If for any reason that you are injured while on the job, and your injuries were the result of the negligent behavior of the company or individual you are working with, you will be required to prove that they were the ones at fault for your injuries. Because this can be so difficult to figure out, it is vital for you to employ the services of an experienced Chicago construction accident attorney. They will know exactly what steps to take that will uncover all the evidence in your case that proves the fault of your company or another individual. They will also be able to unearth any safety violations, supervision inaccuracies, OSHA violations and more. There are so many different types of construction accidents that could take place, and many of them result in catastrophic consequences, including fatalities. This makes it that much more imperative for a thorough and objective investigation of your accident take place. In this manner, all of the evidence available can be documented and preserved.

Although you are legally entitled to workers compensation benefits under Illinois law, there still may be certain situations where you might be able to pursue additional financial compensation outside of workers compensation claims. The only way to know for sure if you have additional claims for compensation under the law is to speak with a Chicago construction accident attorney. They will be able to tell you what your rights and obligations are under the law, as well as tell you what other legal avenues you may be able to take in your pursuit of justice. In this manner, you can rest assured that your Chicago construction accident attorney will be standing up for you, your rights and your privileges under the law, not anyone else’s. You have suffered enough from your injuries, pain, suffering, lost wages and more. Do not suffer any further hardship, …

Kendall Myers: Life in Prison for Cuban Spy

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A judge of the U.S. District Court handed down sentences for Kendall and Gwendolyn Myers, a married American couple that were spy’s for Cuba. Kendall Myers is the son of a heart surgeon, grandson of the National Geographic Society’s President and great grandson of Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the telephone. Myers was born into a family of great riches and opportunity, went to college at Brown University and earned a Ph.D. from Johns Hopkins University.

In 1978 Kendall visited Cuba for two weeks and was soon recruited by a Cuban intelligence agent. He spied for 30 years from his jobs inside the State Department. He first worked at the State Department’s Foreign Service Institute and later at the department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research. In 1985, he received a “top secret” security clearance giving him a right of entry to confidential information every day. U.S. investigators were made aware of the existence of a Cuban spy in 2006. The FBI tracked down Myers, then launched a sting operation that brought the couple down.

The two were arrested in June 2009 after meeting several times with an undercover FBI agent to whom they disclosed their actions for Cuba. Those meetings were caught on audio and video tape. Myers told the undercover FBI agent he usually took information from the State Department by committing to memory or writing down observations, and in some circumstances he actually took classified documents home. Gwendolyn Myers said she would process the information to be delivered to their Cuban spy intelligence handlers.

Last November Kendall Myers, 73, and his wife Gwendolyn Myers, 72, pleaded guilty to spying for Cuba. Myers was sentenced to life in prison without possibility of parole, his wife got a sentence of more than six and a half years minus the 14 months she already has served. As part of their sentence the couple also agreed to pay back to the government more than $1.7 million, which was Myer’s estimated salary over the years while working for the U.S. government.…

"Espionage Management" Part 2. Mikhail Kryzhanovsky, KGB and CIA

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Special tools

3.1 Surveillance

  Actual espionage is not what you see in the movies and you have absolutely no chance of evasion if a real professional surveillance crew is following you. Why? Because they use multiple methods and mixed methods.

I. Physical surveillance.

3.1.1 Methods

1. “One line” – officers follow the object forming a line behind him and passing him one by one.
2. “Two lines” – officers form two lines on both sides of the street.
3. “Circle” – officers block the area and start searching (used in case they lose the object).
4. “Fork” – one officer (a car) moves in front of the object, another one — behind, other officers (cars) move along parallel streets.
5. “Box” – used when the object enters supermarket, hotel, restaurant. One or two officers follow the object, the others wait for him at the exits.
6. “Demonstration” – officers demonstrate their presence to press the object and lower his activity.
7. “Provocation” – officers attack the object, beat him, steal (secret) documents. Often used to lower his activity if he’s trying to play James Bond.
8. “Outstrip” – officers do not follow the object because they know exactly where he’s going.
9. “Football” – officers pass the object to each other (car — a group — bicyclist — car…)
10. “Movie” – the crew watches the object in stages: first day — to the subway only, second day — from subway to his office, etc. (used abroad). The crew has to have a female member if they are watching a woman (she could use the ladies room for a secret meeting) and members of various ethnicities (white, black, Latino) because the object could go to a specific ethnic area.

3.1.2 If you’re the object and you’ve noticed surveillance:

Don’t rush, move at the same speed.
Relax at the nearest bar (and relax the crew).
Don’t show how professional you are by trying to disappear, otherwise they could intensify surveillance or even neutralize you (smash your car, beat you up).
Postpone the operation you were engaged in .
Use a “draught” if you need to see your agent no matter what. Change lanes (if you are driving), stop the car and then drive left or right.

If you don’t see surveillance, that means either there’s no surveillance or you’ve failed in counter-surveillance. Discreetly watch the agent who’s coming to meet you and try to detect any possible surveillance; or you may have been “outstripped.”

3.1.3 Surveillance crew mistakes:

The same crew follows the object all day long.
The object “rules” the crew and calculates it (he moves faster — the crew moves faster).
A crew member is too noticeable (unusual dress, haircut, disabled parts of the body, too fat or too skinny, too ugly or too pretty).
The crew starts to search possible hiding places for espionage evidence right after the object leaves (and he may be watching).
The crew leaves traces after a secret search of the object’s house (office). …

Roundtable Debate: UK Public Sector Shared Services – Where Now and Where Next?

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Sharing services has risen up the agendas of the UK’s national and local governments in recent years, propelled by political and financial trends as well as by more concrete factors such as Sir Peter Gershon’s 2004-5 Efficiency Review and Sir David Varney’s report on transformational government. In an attempt to throw some light on recent developments and to examine where shared services may be headed in future, SSON convened a roundtable debate involving a group of practitioners and advisors at local and national level, chaired by SSON’s online editor Jamie Liddell. The results were, indeed, illuminating…

Attending were:

Tony Isaacs Programme Manager Warwickshire Direct Partnership The Warwickshire Direct Partnership is an alliance comprising all six local authorities in the county of Warwickshire: North Warwickshire Borough Council; Nuneaton & Bedworth Borough Council; Rugby Borough Council; Stratford District Council; Warwick District Council; Warwickshire County Council; and three private-sector partners in Steria, MacFarlane Telesystems and Northgate Information Systems. The partnership includes a shared services programme relating to its CRM [citizen-relationship management] system. For more information see www.thewdp.org.uk

Dominic Swift Head of Shared Services Browne Jacobson Browne Jacobson is one of the largest law firms in the Midlands with offices in Nottingham, Birmingham and London. The firm acts for over 100 local authorities, either directly or through their insurers. It recently published its Shared Services Survey ’08, one of the most comprehensive surveys ever carried out into shared services in the UK. For more information see www.brownejacobson.com

Peter Telford Chief Executive Officer Research Councils UK Shared Services Centre Research Councils UK (RCUK) is a strategic partnership between the seven UK Research Councils. RCUK was established in 2002 to enable the Councils to work together more effectively to enhance the overall impact and effectiveness of their research, training and innovation activities, contributing to the delivery of the Government’s objectives for science and innovation. For more information on the RCUK Shared Services Centre see http://www.rcuk.ac.uk/aboutrcuk/efficiency/sharedservices

Ray Tomkinson Local Government Improvement Specialist and Shared Services Author Ray Tomkinson is the author of Shared Services in Local Government: Improving Service Delivery (Gower, 2007). Ray managed the Welland Partnership shared services project and currently operates as a consultant.

SSON: Peter, you’re at the head of one of the more prominent national shared services centres [SSCs]. Can you explain a little about the drivers behind the move in your organisation?

Peter Telford: Behind the Research Council’s business case are benefits focusing on what are seen as financial gains which will be passed back to research and the research community, but probably more importantly in the early stages is the feeling that we can secure better effectiveness in business support to that research community by aggregating the seven Research Councils’ services onto one common platform, and transforming them. The business case started with an outline about two years ago. There was a lot of work done on certain parts of the shared service model even before that, but the activity’s really come together in the last two years. The full business …

Land & Property Law in Thailand

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Thailand is an incredible country much famed for its serenity and rich culture. In fact, the country is much popular among the tourists, and is now the number one tourist spot in South-East Asia. With its mind blowing scenery, stupendous beaches, idyllic tropical islands, and a myriad of attractions covering palaces, ancient shrines, interesting museums, historic monuments, and places of cultural significance, Thailand has been drawing holidaymakers from across the world per year.

Of which many of the people, especially Europeans and Americans, settle down here permanently, inspired by the incredibility of the place. Some westerns have even chosen certain destinations in Thailand such as Koh Samui, Pattaya, and Phuket, to spend their retirement life.

Factors such as exceptional low prices and excellent investment potential have also lured large number of people to invest in the country’s property market. All these have led to increased demand for property in Thailand. Property market in Thailand is highly active, with a number of options, ranging from land and houses to condominiums, villas, and serviced apartments. Discussed further in this article are laws as well as procedures involved in connection with owning a property in Thailand.

The laws with regard to owning a property in the country is quite confusing. A foreigner cannot easily own a property in Thailand. In other words, Thai law strictly prohibits a foreigner to own a freehold land in the country. However, there are certain loopholes in the law regarding this issue. A foreigner can own a land or property in the country through a number of ways such as land leases, company ownership, investments, and above all, through Thai spouse.

Land Leases – Although Thai law prohibits land ownership rights to people, foreigners are allowed to hold 100% interest in a land lease in the country. In other words, land lease is one of the simplest as well as straightforward options for a foreigner to acquire a property in Thailand. According to the Thai lease law, a maximum of 30-year lease year is provided, and that too with the option to renew the lease for an additional period of 30 years.

Additionally, lands for commercial as well as industrial purposes could be leased up to a period of 50 years, with options for further extension of lease. All kinds of land lease must be registered with the Land Development. However, it is not required to register leases up to three years. It has been made mandatory to register any kind of lease renewal that has been agreed upon with the land owners at the local land office.

Company Ownership – Registered companies in Thailand with majority Thai ownership could buy land in Thailand. In general, only Thai majority companies are allowed to own land in the country. However, in certain instances, the Board of Investment (BOI) allows a foreign registered company registered in the country to own a land for a short period of time.

Thai Spouse – A Thai wife of a foreigner is allowed to …

Review: Scott Monge, Atlanta Legal Counsel for Catastrophic Injuries

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A catastrophic injury has long term repercussions for not only its victim, but for the family of the victim. Their lives will never be the same again. Atlanta accident attorney Scott Monge will help to ease the burden by bringing those responsible to justice.

Finding the right legal counsel for  a catastrophic injury is crucial to obtaining the maximum benefits you and your family needs to deal with the long term medical care and support you will need in the future. Getting a general lawyer is not an option.

Scott Monge is not a generalist; he deals only with personal injury claims so his understanding of what it takes to win a catastrophic injury case is deep and focused. He understands the injuries themselves because of many years dealing with clients, their doctors and the insurance companies who are unwilling to pay. But he will make whoever is responsible for your catastrophic injury pay dearly.

Scott Monge is not the kind of lawyer who counsels you to settle out of court with a lowball offer just to make his job easy. He has built up a solid reputation with his clients and in the Atlanta law community for caring. He will prosecute those whose negligence or recklessness lead to you or your family member’s injury to the full extent of the law, and will answer phone calls and keep you informed every step of the way.

He has won court cases against giants of industry, including major chains such as Wal-Mart, Publix and Home Depot.

Catastrophic injuries lead to partial or total permanent disabilities. They include but are not limited to :

•    Brain injuries
•    Amputations
•    Severe back injuries
•    Spinal cord injuries
•    Paralysis
•    Hearing loss
•    Vision loss
•    Scarring
•    Disfigurement

These types of injuries are a huge emotional and financial drain on a family. A family member might have to give up employment to become the full time caretaker of the injured claimant. The loss of livelihood in that case is double, which has repercussions in terms of missed opportunities for any children in the family as they age.
Scott Monge also understands the toll of dealing with a devastating injury takes as well. Many families and victims simply don’t have the drive to seek justice, because they are struggling from the mental and emotional fallout of the accident. He will relieve this burden by fighting aggressively on their behalf.

If you or a family member was injured because of:

•    Faulty equipment,
•    Tainted food,
•    Hazardous working conditions,
•    A car or truck accident,
•    A work-related accident,
•    A slip and fall incident while shopping,
•    A landlord’s negligence (premise liability)

Then give Scott Monge a call. He will come to you if you cannot come to him. He makes hospital visits as well as house visits to anywhere in Georgia, and is available in the evenings and on the weekend. The initial consultation is free, and he does not …

Best Lawyers

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Hire Best Lawyer to Saves your Money and Cost 

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Items that Persons Must does Just before Selecting Any Lawyer- Below are the actions that can help folks in their trip associated with using the services of the Best Lawyers:

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