Oil production in the Alberta tar sands is drastically damaging the Earth through scarring its crust, polluting its waters, and heavily polluting its atmosphere. Many scientists and organizations along with the First Nations chiefs are urging the Government to halt the production of tar sands due to its large environmental damage that contributes to the harming of wildlife and the jeopardy of human health and safety.
The tar sands are an area containing a vast supply of oil found in the form of tar. Canada’s tar sands are primarily located in there major reserves: the Athabasca tar sands, the Cold Lake reserves in north-eastern Alberta, and the Peace River deposits located in western Alberta. Together, Canada’s oil sands cover 140000 square kilometres, an area greater than the total land area of England, and have proven to be able to supply 175 billion barrels of oil. Though the tar sands are greatly profitable for British Petroleum and the Canadian Government, the environmental damage is undoubtedly very large and can permanently scar the Earth’s crust as 3350 square kilometres of the tar sands must be obtained by mining the surface of the Earth. Furthermore, the process that refines the oil requires a lot of power and has to be filtered with fresh water which is then contaminated and leached into destructive tailing ponds, a process which has been proven to increase respiratory diseases and cancers in downstream First Nations’ populations.
*In addition, scientists have proven that producing a single barrel of oil from the tar sands produces three times greater gas emissions than a barrel of conventional oil.*
Organizations such as Greenpeace, along with NASA scientists and the First Nations peoples of Canada, strongly urge the Canadian Government to stop the extraction of oil from Alberta’s tar sands as it can stop Canada from reaching its obligations under the international Kyoto protocol and can eventually jeopardize the survival of the human species. Scientists along with Al Gore warn that extraction of oil from Alberta’s tar sands could risk the survival of the human species and unless human kind radically changes from carbon-based fuels, the world may be headed towards Armageddon. Despite the fact that Canada’s tar sand reserves provide 16% of the world’s oil supply, 4 tonnes of landscape must be torn up in order to obtain one barrel of oil, and over 13 million litres of toxic water are being released into the environment by factories. Leading scientists from NASA believe that the federal government should draw policy over water pollution in order to significantly reduce the environmental damage of tar sand extraction, and that it should rely on conventional oil extraction and renewable non-carbon sources instead Throughout the past several years, the Canadian Government has only invested $1 billion towards creating technologies that are environmentally-friendly and carbon-free such as solar and wind technologies. The Canadian Government would greatly benefit from the development and expansion of renewable energy industries as it could provide even more jobs which could replace …